Topic 3 - programme

TOPIC THEME THEMA

3

Division of competences and regulatory powers between the EU and the Member States

Répartition des compétences et pouvoirs de régulation entre l’Union européenne et les Etats membres

Verteilung der Zuständigkeiten und Regulierungsbefugnisse zwischen der Europäischen Union und den Mitgliedstaaten

Jacques Ziller & Maria-José Martinez Iglesias

General instructions for each sessionVery brief introduction by moderator

  • General and Institutional Rapporteurs each take a maximum of about 15 Minutes (10 Minutes in case of 1 h session) to identify and briefly introduce the main topics chosen for the session
  • Allow for sufficient time for discussions with the floor (NB: national rapporteur will most probably want to have the floor to illustrate what they wrote: They should be allowed to do so, but should not monopolize attention on a specific country’s view)
  • Keep the overall schedule flexible in order to respond if necessary to unforeseen issues, but also if needed recall the audience that a specific issue will be discussed in a different session.

Thursday 19 May session 1 (1 ½  h)

General presentation of approach chosen for the topic and general overview of findings from national reports

Présentation générale de l’approche suivie pour traiter le sujet et aperçu général des indications des rapports nationaux

Allgemeine Darstellung des Ansatzes zur Behandlung des Themas und allgemeiner Überblick über die Erkenntnisse aus den Länderberichten

  • Moderator: Mr. José Luís da Cruz Vilaça, Professor, Judge at the CJEU, President of the Portuguese FIDE Association
  • Main points for discussion:

o   New wording of the treaties resulting from the European Convention/Lisbon treaty: have the goals of clarification been achieved? (NB: a discussion on implicit competences in external action is scheduled in session 2)

o   Legal bases, procedures and the horizontal division of competences: is it a real priority of Member states?

o   The lack of an overall pattern of requests for changes to the current distribution of competences between the EU and member states

o   The concept of “executive federalism”: what is covered and are there more appropriate wordings?


Thursday 19 May session 2 (1 ½  h)

Flexibility clause. Competences in the external action of the EU and implicit competences

La clause de flexibilité. Les compétences d'action extérieure de l'UE et les compétences implicites

Kompetenzen in der Außenpolitik der EU und der impliziten Kompetenzen

  • Moderator: Mr. José Luís da Cruz Vilaça,
  • Main points for discussion:

o   Art. 352 TFEU and so called ‘creeping competences’

o   Reactions to the codification of the ‘ERTA doctrine’

o   CJEU jurisprudence on implicit competences in the fields of external action and internal market

****

Friday 20 May session 3 (1 ½  h) 

The principles of conferral, subsidiarity and proportionality: how they are understood, applied and reviewed

Les principes d'attribution, de subsidiarité et de proportionnalité: comment sont-ils compris, appliqués et contrôlés Die Grundsätze der begrenzten Einzelermächtigung , der Subsidiarität und der Verhältnismäßigkeit: wie sie verstanden, angewendet und überprüft werden

  • Moderator:Mr. Egils Levits , Judge at the Court of Justice of the European Union
  • Points of discussion:

o   The confusion between competence in primary law and and the use of secondary Law in the public debate.

o   Roles of EU institutions and member states institutions in subsidiarity and proportionality control

o   Reviewing ultra vires: roles of CJEU and national courts

Friday 20 May session 4 (1 ½  h)

EU competences and field of application of EU law

Compétences de l’Union et champ d’application du droit de l’Union

Kompetenzen der Union und Anwendungsbereich des Unionsrechts

  • Mr. Egils Levits
  • Main points for discussion:

o   Differences in understanding and using the concept of field of application of EU law

o   Field of application of EU law and field of application of the Charter: is it obvious that they coincide?

o   EU actions/functional competences incompatible with a Kompetenz-Katalog based on a strict ratione materiae delimitation.

****

Friday 20 May session 5  (1 h)

EU “executive federalism”

Le “fédéralisme d’exécution” de l’Union européenne

Der EU Vollzugsföderalismus

  • Moderator: Jenő Czuczai, College of Europe, Legal Advisor of the Legal Service of the Council, Founder and First President of the FIDE Hungarian Association
  • Main points for discussion:

o   Limits to the procedural autonomy of member states: how is the CJEU’s case law applied by national courts

o   Legal problems caused by a different of allocation between legislative competences (to the EU legislator) and regulatory competence to member states (i.e. in the absence of implementing acts of general scope)

o   (if interest in the audience): jurisprudence relating to the management of structural funds

Friday 20 May session 6 (1 ½  h)

A General Administrative Procedure Act for the European Union?

Un code général de procédure administrative de l’Union?

Ein allgemeines Verwaltungsverfahrensgesetz für die Union?

  • Moderator: Jenő Czuczai
  • Presentation of the overall issue and academic discussion by the general rapporteur; presentation of the initiative of the European Parliament by the institutional rapporteur
  • Main points for discussion:

o   The reasons for a general  APA (as opposed to only sector specific secondary law)

o   The scope of a general APA: EU institutions, bodies, offices and agencies or also Member State’s administrations in the execution of EU legislation?

o   The legal basis for a general APA